The best way to avoid sugar is to eat less, not to consume too much of it, according to a new study.
The study, published in the journal PLoS ONE, found that people who eat fewer sugary foods and beverages may have less health problems than those who consume too many.
The authors suggest that people with higher BMIs, high blood pressure and diabetes who have more energy and a reduced appetite could benefit from a low-calorie diet that has fewer calories than traditional sugary beverages.
“People who are overweight or obese are not only likely to consume more calories than people with normal weight, but also to have a lower HDL (high density lipoprotein) and lower blood pressure,” said lead author Ravi M. Chaudhary, a professor of nutrition at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.
In addition, the researchers found that there was an association between the number of sugary drinks consumed and obesity.
People who consume more than three drinks a day are more likely to be obese, compared to those who have no sugary beverage consumption, they found.
The researchers also found that, compared with people who drink four to five cups of sugared beverages a day, those who drink three or more sugary sodas a day have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
This study provides evidence that individuals who consume fewer sugares may have a decreased risk of type 2 DM (diabetes-related cardiovascular disease) compared to the general population.
However, more research is needed to confirm these findings and identify the mechanisms underlying these associations, Chaudhar said.
A lower-caloric diet, as well as lower alcohol consumption, is associated with a reduced risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, Choudhary said.
“The more research we do, the more we can find that the effects are related to a diet, not just the sugary drink,” he said.
According to the American Heart Association, obesity and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. population has more than one-third of the world’s obese people and nearly two-thirds of the obese adults.
Dr. Steven F. Freedman, an associate professor of medicine at the Harvard Medical School and lead author of the study, said the findings add to a growing body of research linking dietary patterns to obesity and related conditions.
“We need to look at the relationship between sugary and calorie intake and what is happening in the body when we eat, not how much we eat,” Freedman said.
“We need a much more holistic view of what we should eat and how much is good for our health.”
Dr. Michael Eades, a physician and director of nutrition research for the American Dietetic Association, said a healthier diet is not simply a matter of eating less sugar.
“There’s a lot of evidence that the sugar in foods contributes to obesity,” he explained.
“If you’re consuming a lot more fruits and vegetables, fruits and nuts, vegetables and whole grains, then you’re going to be able to balance your calorie intake more effectively.”
For more news on diabetes, see the Diabetes section of our news center.
Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.